A fair guide to the best arguments on each side




Publications and websites relating to the Referendum


CBI/PWC: http://news.cbi.org.uk/news/leaving-eu-would-cause-a-serious-shock-to-uk-economy-new-pwc-analysis/

Britain without the EU: A damp and dismal future / Jolyon Howorth
European Policy Centre, 15 January 2013

An EU without the UK would be able to move steadily forward towards becoming a functioning and increasingly federal-looking entity. A ‘Brexit’ would also force Britons to engage in a long-delayed period of historical self-examination that would most likely culminate in its reapplying to join the new-look EU

Can the EU have a foreign and security policy without Britain? A grim and insular picture of the future / Rosa Balfour

European Policy Centre, 18 January 2013

Even if Britain were to leave the European Union, it would want to cooperate with the EU on select issues (of its choice, of course). But if things do change on the continent and move towards more integrated international policies, it would be harder for Britain to influence and shape such polices

Leaving the EU will not set Britain’s economy free / Philip Whyte
Centre for European Reform 2013

The continent or the open sea: Does Britain have a European future? / David Rennie
Centre for European Reform

2012 David Cameron’s Dangerous Game: The Folly of Flirting with an EU Exit / Matthias Matthijs, in Foreign Affairs 5/2013, pages 10-16

The United Kingdom in a re-formed European Union / Sir Alan Dashwood QC in European Law Review 2013, 38(6), 737-756
Militating against withdrawal from the European Union would be the inevitable loss of influence in international trade negotiations and international relations generally. However, a full examination of the likely costs to the United Kingdom of leaving the Union is beyond the scope of this article. Its focus is rather upon the third possible course of action, namely continuing as a Member State of the Union.

Statistical data

UK-EU trade statistics 2007-2011

In brief : UK-EU economic relations: key statistics / Grahame Allen et al. House of Commons Library note. 2013 (see in particular p. 4 – Jobs in the EU associated with UK trade ; UK contributions to the EU budget)

Books (These are more general on the UK’s membership of the EU)

Britain’s place in the European Union / Lori Thorlakson in Developments in British politics 9. 2011

Britain and Europe: a political history since 1918 / N. J. Crowson. 2011


Foreign Office

Review of the balance of competences
Website giving access to all 30+ papers, of which about half are already published.


European Parliament UK Office

List of literature on the UK-EU relationship.


House of Commons Library – Research Papers and Standard Notes

How much legislation comes from Europe? / Vaughne Miller. 2010, amended 2011

In brief: leaving the European Union / Vaughne Miller. 2011

Leaving the EU / Vaughne Miller. 2013

The economic impact of EU membership on the UK / Gavin Thompson and Daniel Harari. 2013


Posts from various blogs

The EU’s unwillingness to discuss the possibility of a ‘Brexit’ is playing into the hands of Eurosceptics / LSE blogpost 20/9/2013 by Tim Oliver

‘Brexit’ talk is already hurting the UK economy / LSE blogpost 18/7/2013 by Costas Milas

‘Brexit’ Prize: A Blueprint for Britain outside the EU / Michael Fabricant; Anthony Pickles [no date], published by Institute for Economic Affairs

Blueprint for Brexit: Why post-EU prosperity isn’t unthinkable / Institute for Economic Affairs blogpost 9/4/2014, by Steve Davies

‘Brexit’: the Swiss model as a blueprint? / René Schwok, open Democracy, 7/1/2013

A Blueprint for Britain : Openness not Isolation / Iain Mansfield, IEA, 2014, 70p.

Britain, Europe and the World: rethinking the UK’s circles of influence by Robin Niblett (Chatham House, October 2015)

Alternatives to Membership: possible models for the United Kingdom outside the European Union (HMSO, March 2016)

Disunited Kingdom? Attitudes to the EU across the UK by Rachel Ormston (NatCen Social Research, 2016)

The Two Poles of the Referendum Debate: Immigration and the Economy by Prof. John Curtice (NatCen Social Research, 2016)

An Irish Perspective on the UK’s EU Membership Renegotiation by Dr. Jane O’Mahony (Global Europe Centre, University of Kent, January 2016)

Beware the False Consciousness Theory: newspapers won’t decide this referendum by Charlie Beckett (London School of Economics, January 2016)

Project Unclear: why we don’t know what effect Brexit would have on migration by the Migration Observatory, Oxford (London School of Economics, March 2016)

Brexit and Financial Services (February 2016)

Brexit and the City by Karel Lannoo (CEPS, January 2016)

Brexit to Nowhere: the foreign policy consequences of “Out” by Nick Witney (European Council on Foreign Relations, November 2015)

Brexit: what would it mean for the EU? by Len Shackleton (IEA, January 2016)

A Stronger British Foreign and Security Policy in Europe (British Influence, September 2015)

Deals without Borders: Europe’s foreign policy on migration by Angeliki Dimitriadi (European Council on Foreign Relations, April 2016)

Benefits of Membership (British Influence, July 2015)

Brexit: what would happen if the UK voted to leave? by Nick Kent & others (British Influence, December 2015)

Competitiveness in the European Union (Senior European Experts, December 2012)

Digital Single Market (British Influence, December 2015)

EU Energy Policy (British Influence, July 2015)

The EU and Trade (British Influence, July 2015)

EU Regulation (Senior European Experts, January 2016)

Freedom of Movement & Migration (British Influence, July 2015)

Immigration, the EU and Britain (Senior European Experts, February 2016)

International Development (British Influence, July 2015)

Justice & Home Affairs (British Influence, July 2015)

More growth, more jobs: Completing the EU Single Market
(British Influence, September 2015)

Research & Development (British Influence, July 2015)

The Digital Single Market (Senior European Experts, June 2015)

The EU Budget (British Influence, July 2015)

The European Migrant & Refugee Crisis (British Influence, September 2015)

The EU and the United States (Senior European Experts, October 2013)

The UK and the EU: Are there Alternatives to EU membership? (Senior European Experts, January 2015)

The role of European Union membership in UK science and engineering research (Campaign for Science and Engineering, December 2015)

“Ever Closer Union” in the EU Treaties and Court of Justice case law (House of Commons Library, November 2015)

EU reform negotiations: what’s going on? (House of Commons Library, December 2015)

Should We Stay or Should We Go? : the economic consequences of leaving the EU by Swati Dhingra & others (London School of Economics, March 2015)

Economic and Monetary Union and the Euro (European Commission, 2014)

A Strategy for Completing the Single Market: the trillion euro bonus (European Parliament, January 2016)

Europe’s Refugee Crisis: an agenda for action (Human Rights Watch, 2015)

EU-Turkey plan for handling refugees is fraught with legal and procedural challenges by Sergio Carrera and Elspeth Guild (CEPS, March 2016)

Can the British pro-European cause be salvaged? By James Rogers (Long Posts, January 2016)

From Project Fear to Project Hope by Roger Liddle (Policy Network, February 2016)

How much legislation comes from Europe? (House of Commons Library, October 2010)

How Could Scotland Protect its EU Links After Brexit? by Kirsty Hughes (European Futures, Edinburgh Europa Institute, December 2015)

Immigration and Euroscepticism: the rising storm by Prof. Geoffrey Evans (Economic and Social Research Council, December 2015)

Obstacle Course to Europe: a policy-made humanitarian crisis at EU borders (Médecins sans Frontières, March 2016)

Brexit and EU regulation: a bonfire of the Vanities? By John Springford (Centre for European Reform, 2016)

The Impact of Brexit: views from the British and German business communities (Bertelsmann Stiftung, 2016)

Safeguarding the Rights of non-Eurozone States in a multi-currency EU by Stephen Booth & others (Open Europe, September 2015)

Our Global Future: the business vision for a reformed EU (CBI, November 2013)

Cameron’s EU Gamble: five reforms he can win and ten pitfalls he must avoid by Charles Grant (Centre for European Reform, October 2015)

Cameron’s EU Reforms: will Europe buy them? by Agata Gostyńska-Jakubowska (Centre for European Reform, December 2015)

What would Brexit mean for Britain’s national security? by Nick Witney (Policy Network, January 2016)

Presidency Conclusions (EU Council, 19 February 2016)

The Relationship between EU Membership and the Effectiveness of Science, Research and Innovation in the UK (Royal Academy of Engineering, November 2015)

Some Unpleasant Brexit Econometrics by N.F.Campos and F.Coricelli (CEPR, December 2015)

How the EU Budget is Spent: The European Structural and Investment Funds (European Parliament, July 2015)

Outcome of the European Council of 18-19 February 2016 (European Parliament, February 2016)

The Illusion of Sovereignty: the UK’s power-sharing experience can play a constructive role in the EU by Simon Toubeau and Jo Murkins (London School of Economics, March 2016)

The European Union’s contribution to UK higher education (Universities for Europe, 2016)

The UK’s ‘new settlement’ in the European Union: renegotiation and referendum
(European Parliament, February 2016)

Britain, the European Union and the Referendum: what drives Euroscepticism? by Matthew Goodwin and Caitlin Milazzo (Economic and Social Research Council, Chatham House, 2015)

What has Europe ever done for us? (Unite Union, May 2014)

Would an ‘independent’ Britain want to join the Single Market? by John Springford (Centre for European Reform, February 2016)

Brexit: Directions for Britain outside the EU by Ralph Buckle & others (IEA, 2015)

Based on a European Parliament Library list